Now the winners of the other groups loom as potential opponents in the first knock-out round, with the exception of the German sides. As such, BVB’s late draw with Real Madrid prevented both a meeting with the Galácticos (since they also qualified in second as a result), as well as a trip to Dortmund (themselves a German side). As a result of these many limitations, there are varying possibilities of getting various opponents, although it may not seem so at first. The calculation of these possibilities is rather complex, and was laid out more clearly by Julian Ritter for Zeit Online.
— zeitonlinesport (@zeitonlinesport) 8. Dezember 2016
The table pictured shows the likelihood of all possible meetings.
Potential opponents for FC Bayern are Arsenal, Napoli, FC Barcelona, AS Monaco, Juventus and the surprising champions of England, Leicester City. If you consider the individual possibilities, it occurs that Barcelona, with 23.1% likelihood, are the most likely opponents, while a journey to Napoli only has a 13.6% chance of coming to pass.
Lastly, it seems that coming second in the group may not be such a big disadvantage, since three giants in PSG, Manchester City and Real Madrid all failed to top their groups and are thus ruled out as potential opponents in this round.